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How Do You Know You Have Chronic Nephritis

Time:  2014-01-11 03:36

How Do You Know You Have Chronic NephritisChronic Nephritis is a glomerular disease in which the glomeruli is inflamed and scarred. It is a progressive kidney disease. The earlier chronic nephritis is diagnosed, the better you take timely and effective treatment to treat it. Well, how do you know you have chronic nephritis. To diagnose it, what tests do you need to take?

Tests for chronic nephritis

1. Urine test

Abnormal urine is the basic sign of chronic nephritis. Proteinuria is the main reason for diagnosis and the amount of proteinuria is usually 1~3g/d. Besides, there is obvious granular tube type and transparent tube type in urinary sediment. Most people have microscopic hematuria and few patients experience periodic gross hematuria.

2. Kidney function test

Most chronic nephritis patients usually have a different degree of glomerular filtration rate decline. In early stage, the creatinine clearance decline and later serum creatinine begins to rise. And renal tubular function will decline with different degree. For instance, the distal renal tubules urine concentration is damaged and begins to decline or the proximal renal tubular reabsorption function declines.

The two tests are auxiliary examination which is able to help you to diagnose if you suffer from chronic nephritis. However, other diseases can also affect your health, so you should make distinguish between chronic nephritis and the following diseases, including:

1. Secondary chronic nephritis- such as lupus nephritis and purpuric nephritis and so on, according to relevant systemic symptoms and typical tests, you can identify if you are with chronic nephritis.

2. Inherited nephritis

This disease is usually amongst adolescent. The patients have abnormal eyes, ears and kidney. Also this disease has a positive family history.

3. Other primary glomerular diseases

3.1 latent glomerulonephritis- the symptoms of latent glomerulonephritis are asymptomatic blood in urine, proteinuria, high blood pressure and declined kidney function and no edema.

3.2 inflamed acute nephritis

This disease is triggered by prodromic and acute infection. You should make distinction between chronic nephritis and inflamed acute nephritis.

4. Renal damage of primary hypertension

This kind of disease is along with prolonged period of hypertension and later kidney damage happens. Clinically, distal renal tubular function damage is earlier than glomerular damage. And urine change is mild with little protein.

The above are some common tests and examination which can help you make distinction between chronic nephritis and other diseases. Making a clear distinction between chronic nephritis and other disease contributes to take correct treatment to cure chronic nephritis.

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