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Tests to Diagnose Lupus Nephritis

Time:  2014-01-10 10:43

Tests to Diagnose Lupus NephritisA prompt diagnosis is the precondition for us to control Lupus Nephritis in early stage. We know Lupus Nephritis progresses quickly if no treatment is given, so it is of great importance for us to know well about our illness condition; however, the problem is how do we know if we are suffering from Lupus Nephritis? Here, we will give a detailed introduction about this topic.

The diagnosis of Lupus Nephritis usually begins with a medical history, physical exam and evaluation of symptoms:

Medical history: Lupus Nephritis is the complication of SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), so for people who are suffering Lupus or have history of SLE, they are more likely to develop Lupus Nephritis.

Physical exam: Physical exam is necessary for an accurate diagnosis of Lupus Nephritis. Medical tests involved include urine test, blood test, imaging tests such as ultrasound and kidney biopsy. Urine test and blood test are the most commonly used two tests that can help us know well about kidney condition. In general, for patients with Lupus Nephritis, excessive protein can be found in urine and through blood test, we can know if wastes like creatinine and urea nitrogen which need to be excreted through kidney build up in the blood. Elevation of serum creatinine and BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) always indicate decreased kidney function. In medicine, imaging test like ultrasound is usually done to see if there are cysts or stone in kidney. In addition, shrinkage of kidney size also can be found through this test. Kidney biopsy is the test in which a small part of kidney tissues is removed out of the body to see in what way the kidney is damaged. There are different types of kidney problem in medicine and it is necessary for us to truly understand the pathological changes of kidney.

Elevation of symptoms: Elevation of symptoms is also helpful for the diagnosis of Lupus Nephritis. In many cases, patients go to hospital to have physical examination just because they are experiencing some uncomfortable symptoms like bubbly urine, blood urine and sudden increase of blood pressure and so on. That is why patients with Lupus need to have a general understanding about symptoms of Lupus Nephritis, so that they can have a prompt diagnosis and treatment.

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