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Why Does Kidney Failure Cause Hyperkalemia?

Time:  2014-03-04 10:07

Why does kidney failure cause hyperkalemia? Many patients have this doubt. High potassium level can cause patients suffer from pain and discomfort in life. What are the harms of hyperkalemia? And what are the treatments of hyperkalemia?

Why does kidney failure cause hyperkalemia?

Healthy kidney has the good function of regulation of potassium ion and under normal circumstances blood potassium level can be controlled within normal range. In case of renal parenchymal damages and when renal functions are damaged such as kidney failure, patients will easily develop hyperkalemia. This is because the amount of discharged potassium from the kidneys are far more than that are taken from diets. Therefore the excessive potassium in the blood is in most cases due to the decline of kidney functions and inefficient removing of potassium.

What are the symptoms of hyperkalemia?

Hyperkalemia can be asymptomatic, meaning that it causes no symptoms. Sometimes, patients with hyperkalemia report vague symptoms including:

-It can inhibit myocardial contraction and cause arrhythmia or even ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest, etc.

-It can also nausea, fatigue, muscle weakness, or tingling sensations.

What are the treatments of hyperkalemia?

※A diet low in potassium (for mild cases).

※Discontinue medications that increase blood potassium levels. ※Intravenous administration of glucose and insulin, which promotes movement of potassium from the extracellular space back into the cells.

※Intravenous calcium to temporarily protect the heart and muscles from the effects of hyperkalemia. Sodium bicarbonate administration to counteract acidosis and to promote movement of potassium from the extracellular space back into the cells.

※Blood pollution therapy is a strongly recommended therapy for treating hyperkalemia caused by kidney failure. This Chinese therapy has three steps of treating hyperkalemia. Step1: clean up the polluted blood and remove the wastes and toxins from the body. Step2: supplement nutritions. Recover the normal function of hematopoiesis. Step 3: recover the kidney’s ability of self-healing. The condition of hyperkalemia will be improved a lot through this way.

Why does kidney failure cause hyperkalemia? You must have known the answer through the above analysis. As long as you take effective treatment and keep a good mood, this condition will be controlled well. Any question? Leave a message below, we are glad to help.

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