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How to Diagnose Hypertensive Nephropathy

Time:  2014-01-10 10:12

How to Diagnose Hypertensive NephropathyHypertensive Nephropathy may deprive our life when develops to advanced stage, so a prompt diagnosis is very important. However, how do we know if we are living with this kind of kidney problem? Read on to learn about the diagnosis of Hypertensive Nephropathy.

To have an accurate diagnosis about Hypertensive Nephropathy, doctors usually need to pay attention to the following several aspects:

1. Illness history

Hypertensive Nephropathy is an illness caused by years of uncontrolled high blood pressure. According to clinical studies, this problem usually occurs after the diagnosis of Hypertension about 5 to 10 years. Therefore, compared with people who are newly diagnosed with high blood pressure, patients who have lived with Hypertension for many years are more likely to suffer from Hypertensive Nephropathy.

2. Management of high blood pressure

In comparison to people who take hypotensive drugs regularly and control their blood pressure well, people with poor control of high blood pressure run a higher risk for Hypertensive Nephropathy.

3. Test report

Medical tests are necessary for the ultimate diagnosis. To confirm the diagnosis, patients are always asked to have blood test and urine test. In some cases, they may be also suggested to have imaging examinations like B ultrasound. By blood test, we can know if the serum creatinine level has been elevated and by urine test, we can know clearly if there are excess protein and red blood cells in urine. Besides, with these two tests, we can calculate GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) which reflects how well the kidney functions and if there are kidney damages, how many kidney function are left. Also, we can know the exact size of the kidneys through imaging examination and this is also very helpful for understanding kidney condition.

A prompt diagnosis offer us more time to get illness treated well, so it is necessary for hypertension patients to have regular medical tests, so as not to miss the optimal treatment time for Hypertensive Nephropathy.

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